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The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia

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dc.contributor.author Fitterer, Jessica L.
dc.contributor.author Nelson, Trisalyn A.
dc.contributor.author Stockwell, Tim
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-09T20:44:19Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-09T20:44:19Z
dc.date.copyright 2018 en_US
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.citation Fitterer, J.L., Nelson, T.A. & Stockwell, T. (2018). The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia. ISPRS International Journal of Geo- Information, 7(8), 297. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080297 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7080297
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.library.uvic.ca//handle/1828/10280
dc.description.abstract Multiple studies have associated the density of alcohol establishments with crime. What is not well understood is the influence of establishment patron capacity on the magnitude of crime in an area, or how the spacing of liquor primary establishments impacts crime levels. Using a Poisson spatial lag model, we estimated how patron capacity of on-premises licenses and the total number of off-premises licenses were associated with the frequency of violent and disorder crime occurring on Friday and Saturday nights in Victoria, British Columbia. To identify how the distance between bars and pubs was associated with the frequency of crime within 200 m of each establishment, we applied bivariate curve fitting and change detection techniques. Our model explained 76% percent of the variance in crime frequencies. Bars and pubs within block groups, and in neighboring block groups, had a significant positive association (p < 0.05) with the frequency of crime compared to other on-premises licenses (e.g., restaurants, theatres, clubs, hotels), and off-premises liquor stores. For every additional 1111 bar or pub patron seats the crime frequency per block group is expected to double over a 17 month period (factor of 1.0009 per patron seat). Crime frequency significantly dropped (p < 0.05) around (200 m) bars and pubs that are spaced greater than 300 m apart. Our results provide the first evidenced-based information for evaluating the size and spacing of on-premises licenses in Canada en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This research was financially supported by Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research (CISUR), and a Social Science and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) doctoral fellowship (752-2014-1015) awarded to Jessica Fitterer. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher ISPRS International Journal of Geo- Information en_US
dc.subject alcohol establishment en_US
dc.subject crime en_US
dc.subject violent en_US
dc.subject disorder en_US
dc.subject spatial lag en_US
dc.subject distance en_US
dc.subject off-premises en_US
dc.subject on-premises en_US
dc.title The Negative Effects of Alcohol Establishment Size and Proximity on the Frequency of Violent and Disorder Crime across Block Groups of Victoria, British Columbia en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US


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