The morphosyntax of clause typing: single, double, periphrastic, and multifunctional complementizers in Korean

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dc.contributor.author Ceong, Hailey Hyekyeong
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-01T15:49:53Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-01T15:49:53Z
dc.date.copyright 2019 en_US
dc.date.issued 2019-05-01
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/10815
dc.description.abstract In this dissertation I provide an account of the distribution of Korean clause-typing markers from the perspective of a formal typological model, the Universal Spine Hypothesis (Wiltschko, 2014, 2017). Although Korean clause-typing markers have both syntactic properties (expressing force/mood, Chomsky 2000, 2001) and pragmatic properties (expressing speech styles, Sohn 1999), my investigation focuses on the morphosyntactic properties of clause-typing markers in single-layered and double-layered CPs. I detail their ability to transmit clause type, their compatibility with TAM elements, and their incompatibility with subordinators and speech act elements. My central claim is that, through an association with the linking spine (i.e., CP in generative grammar), clause-typing markers, including ta and e, construct Korean language-specific categories. Clause-typing markers interact with a syntactic domain encoding the common ground of speech participants, the grounding spine. My dissertation has two major findings. First, the morphophonological realization of C is obligatory in both finite and non-finite clauses. I therefore propose a Clause Complementation Parameter (CCP)—all clauses must have a complementizer, and a C must have a correspondent PF realization. This accounts for the expletive-like dummy complementizers e and ci which can fill the head of the three basic clause types. Second, functional elements selecting clause-typing markers support the existence of syntactic projections above the traditional CP. For instance, iterative ko and hearsay y in reiterated and hearsay utterances, respectively, must be associated with the syntactic domain above CP. I argue that along with polite yo and intonation, they construct Korean language-specific categories through their association with the three universal categorizers k: linking, k: grounding, and k: responding. This is formulated as [RespP [GroundP [LinkingP [AnchoringP …-ssPAST] -taDECL] -yHEARSAY] (-yoPOLITE) -↑]. Investigations of the distributions of periphrastic irrealis clause-typing markers and multifunctional clause-typing markers contribute to our understanding of the multifaceted nature of category C: the periphrastic irrealis markers show that C with T can restrict the person feature on the subject. The interpretations of multifunctional markers in different morphosyntactic contexts show that their properties emerge in two ways: through interaction with local elements in the domain or by virtue of their association with hierarchically distinct domains. Assuming the Universal Spine Hypothesis, I have accounted for the morphosyntactic properties of Korean clause-typing markers by proposing language-specific categories considering the functional layers. This dissertation offers a more complete account of Korean grammar but also will provide an explanation for cross-linguistic differences in encoding of clause-typing—Units of Languages change how C appears. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject clause type en_US
dc.subject complementizer en_US
dc.subject multifunctionality en_US
dc.subject Universal Spine Hypothesis en_US
dc.subject Korean en_US
dc.subject declarative en_US
dc.subject interface en_US
dc.subject morphosyntax en_US
dc.subject parameter en_US
dc.subject force en_US
dc.title The morphosyntax of clause typing: single, double, periphrastic, and multifunctional complementizers in Korean en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Saxon, Leslie
dc.degree.department Department of Linguistics en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. en_US
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Ceong, Hailey H. (2016). Korean hearsay constructions and speech acts. In Lindsay Hracs (Ed.) Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Canadian Linguistic Association, Calgary. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US

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