Intergroup attitudes and competition over limited resources

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dc.contributor.author Major, Kasia
dc.date.accessioned 2006-09-29T22:03:35Z
dc.date.available 2006-09-29T22:03:35Z
dc.date.copyright 2006 en
dc.date.issued 2006-09-29T22:03:35Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/113
dc.description.abstract According to realistic conflict theory (RCT), people develop negative attitudes towards others as a result of competition with those others over limited resources. I hypothesized that participants would change their opinions of others in a greater negative direction if those others were competitive in resource use than if those others are cooperative. Additionally, I hypothesized that the participants' own resource use would influence how they changed their opinions of the others. Participants were asked to complete a ten-item trait-rating questionnaire before and after competing in a simulated fishing environment against a simulated group that fished either a little (cooperative opponent) or a lot (competitive opponent). As predicted, when fishing against competitive opponents, participants changed their ratings in a more negative direction than when fishing against cooperative opponents. In addition, participants' own fishing behaviour influenced some of their rating shifts. I discuss an alternative explanation of the results as based on group identity processes (Tajfel & Turner, 1979), and suggest that the effects of such processes should be directly compared with competition over resources in the same study. Limitations of the study are discussed along with potential solutions. en
dc.format.extent 10601913 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en
dc.subject competition en
dc.subject intergroup relations en
dc.subject human behavior en
dc.subject conflict en
dc.subject interpersonal relations en
dc.subject.lcsh Social psychology en
dc.title Intergroup attitudes and competition over limited resources en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.contributor.supervisor Gifford, Robert
dc.degree.department Dept. of Psychology en
dc.degree.level Master of Science M.Sc. en

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