Nature Elements and Fundamental Motor Skill Development Opportunities at Five Elementary School Districts in British Columbia

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dc.contributor.author Lim, Christopher
dc.contributor.author Donovan, Andrew M.
dc.contributor.author Harper, Nevin J.
dc.contributor.author Naylor, Patti-Jean
dc.date.accessioned 2020-04-02T22:08:29Z
dc.date.available 2020-04-02T22:08:29Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Lim, C.; Donovan, A. M.; Harper, N. J.; & Naylor, P. (2017). Nature elements and fundamental motor skill development opportunities at five elementary school districts in British Columbia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(10), article 1279. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph14101279 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14101279
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/11662
dc.description.abstract The majority of Canadian children are not physically active enough for healthy development. School playgrounds are a primary location to promote physical activity and motor skill practice. The benefits of children’s play in nature have also been highlighted, but few studies have evaluated children’s access and exposure to nature for play on school grounds. This study examined children’s access to nature on school grounds and the opportunities afforded by those natural elements for motor skill practice. Results: Extensive naturescapes (multiple nature elements in one setting) were not common, and natural elements were limited, ranging from 1.97 to 5.71 elements/school. The most common element was a forested area (26.5% of all natural elements identified). In comparison to built structures, the number of natural elements was low. Some elements differed between school districts and appeared to be related to local geography and terrain (hilly, rocky terrain, tidal flats, etc.). Our assessment showed that naturescape elements afforded opportunities for the development of some key fundamental motor skills (FMS), specifically, locomotor and stability skills, but opportunities to develop manipulative skills were limited. To maximize potential FMS development, physical literacy, and psycho-social benefits, additional elements or more comprehensive multi-element naturescapes and facilitation (social or environmental) are recommended. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health en_US
dc.subject naturescape en_US
dc.subject children en_US
dc.subject school en_US
dc.subject playground en_US
dc.subject physical literacy en_US
dc.subject functional motor skills en_US
dc.subject nature en_US
dc.title Nature Elements and Fundamental Motor Skill Development Opportunities at Five Elementary School Districts in British Columbia en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US

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