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“How frigid zones reward the advent’rers toils”: natural history writing and the British imagination in the making of Hudson Bay, 1741-1752

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dc.contributor.author Melchin, Nicholas
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-23T23:13:05Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-23T23:13:05Z
dc.date.copyright 2009 en
dc.date.issued 2009-12-23T23:13:05Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/2023
dc.description.abstract During the 1740’s, Hudson Bay went from an obscure backwater of the British Empire to a locus of colonial ambition. Arthur Dobbs revitalized Northwest Passage exploration, generating new information about the region’s environment and indigenous peoples. This study explores evolving English and British representations of Hudson Bay’s climate and landscape in travel and natural history writing, and probes British anxieties about foreign environments. I demonstrate how Dobbs’ ideology of improvement optimistically re-imagined the North, opening a new discursive space wherein the Subarctic could be favourably described and colonized. I examine how Hudson Bay explorers’ responses to difficulties in the Arctic and Subarctic were seen to embody, even amplify, central principles and features of eighteenth-century British culture and identity. Finally, I investigate how latitude served as a benchmark for civilization and savagery, subjugating the Lowland Cree and Inuit to British visions of settlement and improvement in their home territories. en
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en
dc.subject Exploration en
dc.subject Dobbs en
dc.subject North en
dc.subject Eighteenth century en
dc.subject Arctic en
dc.subject Landscape en
dc.subject Canada en
dc.subject Inuit en
dc.subject Cree en
dc.subject Indian en
dc.subject Indigenous en
dc.subject Subarctic en
dc.subject Tree en
dc.subject Forest en
dc.subject Colonial en
dc.subject Northwest Passage en
dc.subject Ellis en
dc.subject Swaine en
dc.subject Drage en
dc.subject Robson en
dc.subject Middleton en
dc.subject Oldmixon en
dc.subject Cold en
dc.subject Hudson Strait en
dc.subject Hudson's Bay Company en
dc.subject Representation en
dc.subject Sub-arctic en
dc.subject English en
dc.subject Britain en
dc.subject England en
dc.subject Empire en
dc.subject Climate en
dc.subject Improvement en
dc.subject Colonization en
dc.subject Discourse en
dc.subject Identity en
dc.subject 1740 en
dc.subject 1750 en
dc.subject.lcsh UVic Subject Index::Humanities and Social Sciences::History::Canada--History en
dc.title “How frigid zones reward the advent’rers toils”: natural history writing and the British imagination in the making of Hudson Bay, 1741-1752 en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.contributor.supervisor Vibert, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.supervisor McKenzie, Andrea Katherine
dc.degree.department Dept. of History en
dc.degree.level Master of Arts M.A. en


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