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Investigating landscape change and ecological restoration: an integrated approach using historical ecology and GIS in Waterton Lakes National Park, Alberta

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dc.contributor.author Levesque, Lisa Marie
dc.date.accessioned 2005-09-02T20:08:30Z
dc.date.available 2005-09-02T20:08:30Z
dc.date.copyright 2005
dc.date.issued 2005-09-02T20:08:30Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/37
dc.description.abstract This thesis examines landscape change from 1889 to the present within the foothills-parkland ecoregion of Waterton Lakes National Park (WLNP) in southwestern Alberta, Canada. Land cover dynamics are explored qualitatively and quantitatively using Geographical Information Systems and a combination of historical and contemporary data sources including: (1) Dominion Land Survey (DLS) transect records (1889), (2) repeat oblique photographs (1914 and 2004) and repeat aerial photography (1939 and 1999). Results indicate a consistent increase in woody vegetation cover, particularly aspen forest cover, within the foothills-parkland since 1889, largely at the expense of native grasslands. The primary drivers of these changes likely include: climatic influences, changes to the historical grazing regime, the suppression of natural fire cycles and the cessation of First Nations’ land management practices. This research illustrates the value of integrating multiple historical data sources for studying landscape change in the Canadian Rockies, and explores the implications of this change for ecological restoration in the foothills-parkland of WLNP. en
dc.format.extent 4346759 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en
dc.rights Available for worldwide web en
dc.subject landscape change en
dc.subject repeat photography en
dc.subject GIS en
dc.subject historical ecology en
dc.subject Waterton Lakes National Park en
dc.subject Alberta en
dc.subject aspen en
dc.subject Populus tremuloides (Michx.) en
dc.subject vegetation dynamics en
dc.subject Rocky Mountains en
dc.subject bison en
dc.subject fire ecology en
dc.subject land survey records en
dc.subject foothills-parkland en
dc.subject fescue prairie en
dc.subject.lcsh Environmental sciences en
dc.subject.lcsh Geography en
dc.title Investigating landscape change and ecological restoration: an integrated approach using historical ecology and GIS in Waterton Lakes National Park, Alberta en
dc.type Thesis en
dc.contributor.supervisor Higgs, Eric
dc.contributor.supervisor Keller, Peter
dc.degree.department School of Environmental Studies en
dc.degree.level Master of Science M.Sc. en


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