Minimum Alcohol Prices and Outlet Densities in British Columbia, Canada: Estimated Impacts on Alcohol-Attributable Hospital Admissions

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dc.contributor.author Stockwell, Tim
dc.contributor.author Zhao, Jinhui
dc.contributor.author Martin, Gina
dc.contributor.author Macdonald, Scott
dc.contributor.author Vallance, Kate
dc.contributor.author Treno, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Ponicki, William
dc.contributor.author Tu, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Buxton, Jane
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-19T21:46:31Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-19T21:46:31Z
dc.date.copyright 2013 en_US
dc.date.issued 2013-04
dc.identifier.citation Stockwell et al. American Journal of Public Health Published online ahead of print April 18, 2013 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/4773
dc.description.abstract Objectives. We investigated whether periodic increases in minimum alcohol prices were associated with reduced alcohol-attributable hospital admissions in British Columbia. Methods. The longitudinal panel study (2002–2009) incorporated minimum alcohol prices, density of alcohol outlets, and age- and gender-standardized rates of acute, chronic, and 100% alcohol-attributable admissions. We applied mixed-method regression models to data from 89 geographic areas of British Columbia across 32 time periods, adjusting for spatial and temporal autocorrelation, moving average effects, season, and a range of economic and social variables. Results. A 10% increase in the average minimum price of all alcoholic beverages was associated with an 8.95% decrease in acute alcohol-attributable admissions and a 9.22% reduction in chronic alcohol-attributable admissions 2 years later. A Can$ 0.10 increase in average minimum price would prevent 166 acute admissions in the 1st year and 275 chronic admissions 2 years later. We also estimated significant, though smaller, adverse impacts of increased private liquor store density on hospital admission rates for all types of alcohol attributable admissions. Conclusions. Significant health benefits were observed when minimum alcohol prices in British Columbia were increased. By contrast, adverse health outcomes were associated with an expansion of private liquor stores. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Journal of Public Health en_US
dc.title Minimum Alcohol Prices and Outlet Densities in British Columbia, Canada: Estimated Impacts on Alcohol-Attributable Hospital Admissions en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US

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