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A System Dynamics Model to Conserve Arid Region Water Resources through Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Conjunction with a Dam

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dc.contributor.author Niazi, Amir
dc.contributor.author Prasher, Shiv O.
dc.contributor.author Adamowski, Jan
dc.contributor.author Gleeson, Tom
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-18T16:16:24Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-18T16:16:24Z
dc.date.copyright 2014 en_US
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Niazi, A. et al. (2014). A System Dynamics Model to Conserve Arid Region Water Resources through Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Conjunction with a Dam. Water, 6(8), 2300-2321. doi: 10.3390/w6082300 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/w6082300
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.library.uvic.ca//handle/1828/8350
dc.description.abstract Groundwater depletion poses a significant threat in arid and semi-arid areas where rivers are usually ephemeral and groundwater is the major source of water. The present study investigated whether an effective water resources management strategy, capable of minimizing evaporative water losses and groundwater depletion while providing water for expanded agricultural activities, can be achieved through aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) implemented in conjunction with water storage in an ephemeral river. A regional development modeling framework, including both ASR and a dam design developed through system dynamics modeling, was validated using a case study for the Sirik region of Iran. The system dynamics model of groundwater flow and the comprehensive system dynamics model developed in this study showed that ASR was a beneficial strategy for the region’s farmers and the groundwater system, since the rate of groundwater depletion declined significantly (from 14.5 meters per 40 years to three meters over the same period). Furthermore, evaporation from the reservoir decreased by 50 million cubic meters over the simulation period. It was concluded that the proposed system dynamics model is an effective tool in helping to conserve water resources and reduce depletion in arid regions and semi-arid areas. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Water en_US
dc.rights Attribution 2.5 Canada *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/ca/ *
dc.subject aquifer storage and recovery en_US
dc.subject system dynamics modeling en_US
dc.subject groundwater en_US
dc.subject dam en_US
dc.subject arid en_US
dc.subject semi-arid en_US
dc.title A System Dynamics Model to Conserve Arid Region Water Resources through Aquifer Storage and Recovery in Conjunction with a Dam en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US


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