Working out with F.I.D.O. (Frequency, Intensity, Duration, & Outcomes) - a feasibility randomized controlled trial

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dc.contributor.author Lim, Kah Aeng Clarise
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-18T18:23:16Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-18T18:23:16Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-08-18
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.library.uvic.ca//handle/1828/8431
dc.description.abstract Objective: Dog owners have been shown to walk more per week compared to non-dog owners; however, 60% of dog owners are still not walking their dogs at intensities sufficient to reap optimal health benefits. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of a 9-week feasibility randomized controlled trial involving a program of six weekly scheduled instructor-led group dog walks supplemented with theory-based strategies to encourage increased dog walking among dog owners in Greater Victoria, BC. Methods: This study was based on the multi-process action control (M-PAC) framework and utilized an open parallel randomized controlled trial design involving experimental and waitlist-control group participants. Quantitative data was collected using pedometers and self-report measures. A program evaluation survey was administered upon the completion of the study. Primary outcomes examined the feasibility and acceptability of the program; secondary outcomes analyzed pedometry and self-report moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) data; and tertiary outcomes observed changes in participants’ perceptions of M-PAC constructs. Percentage calculations were used to obtain primary outcomes, and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA; controlling for baseline) was performed to examine secondary and tertiary outcomes to explore the direction of effects and obtain a first estimate of expected effect sizes. Eligibility: Male and female adults aged 18+ living in Greater Victoria, BC, who owned at least one healthy and friendly dog aged six months and above, who were not meeting recommended guidelines of 150 minutes of MVPA per week, and who were medically cleared to participate. Results: Feasibility outcomes included 74 interested responses, 23% recruitment rate (n = 17), 94% retention rate (n = 16), and 94% adherence rate (n = 15). Program participants were overall (very) satisfied with the program – worksheets (62.5%), program instructor (100%), various program/group dog walks logistics (75% to 100%). Total weekly step counts and average daily step counts, MVPA dog walking, and MVPA with dog increased at the end of the program and at follow-up, resulting in large effect sizes when compared to the waitlist-control group. MVPA dog walking and total MVPA (with and without dog) exceeded recommended guidelines at follow-up. Positive changes across time were observed for dog responsibility and M-PAC constructs of affective judgments, opportunity, planning, identity, and habit, resulting in medium and large effect sizes when compared to the waitlist-control group. Conclusions: This six-week group dog walking program is overall feasible, acceptable, and efficacious in encouraging increased dog walking and MVPA among dog owners. Attendance at weekly scheduled instructor-led group dog walks and exposure to the M-PAC construct worksheets resulted in program participants’ adoption and maintenance of positive behavioral changes at the end of the program and at follow- up. Program participants reported enjoying the program and being (very) satisfied with it. It is recommended for future studies to refine/modify initial recruitment strategies and eligibility criteria, reimburse medical/veterinarian clearance costs to reduce cost-related barriers to participation, offer a variety of options for program delivery (e.g., different locations/schedules/seasons, online programs, multi-site study) to accommodate more participants, and apply the M-PAC framework to a larger sample. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject dogs en_US
dc.subject dog owners en_US
dc.subject dog walking en_US
dc.subject physical activity en_US
dc.subject pedometers en_US
dc.subject psychological outcomes en_US
dc.subject behavior change en_US
dc.subject behavioral medicine en_US
dc.subject behavioral outcomes en_US
dc.subject behavior regulation en_US
dc.subject content analysis en_US
dc.subject MVPA en_US
dc.subject Multi-Process Action Control (M-PAC) en_US
dc.subject feasibility study en_US
dc.subject feasibility, acceptability, efficacy en_US
dc.subject randomized controlled trial en_US
dc.subject effect sizes en_US
dc.subject exercise psychology en_US
dc.subject self-report measures en_US
dc.subject step counts en_US
dc.subject objective measures en_US
dc.subject health behavior en_US
dc.subject program evaluation en_US
dc.subject exercise identity en_US
dc.subject exercise habit en_US
dc.subject dog responsibility en_US
dc.title Working out with F.I.D.O. (Frequency, Intensity, Duration, & Outcomes) - a feasibility randomized controlled trial en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Rhodes, Ryan E.
dc.degree.department School of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Education en_US
dc.degree.level Master of Science M.Sc. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US

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