The court odes of Henry Purcell : an evaluation [of] his style from 1680-1695

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dc.contributor.author Grant, Wendy Lyn
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-11T21:24:23Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-11T21:24:23Z
dc.date.copyright 1998 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-09-11
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.library.uvic.ca//handle/1828/8557
dc.description.abstract The Restoration of Charles 11 to the throne of England in 1660 gave rise to a new form of composition. The “Ode,” loosely patterned on the poetry of Pindar and cast in the form of an address, was written for royal occasions such as birthdays and public events and to welcome returning monarchs from their progresses. The primary feature and intent of this poetry was flattery and adulation. Henry Purcell (1659–1695) set sixteen of these texts to music for the Stuart monarchs, and his contributions are considered to be among the best of the genre. Musically, the English Ode is similar to the Italian cantata but is particularly associated with parallel developments in the English verse anthem. The Ode featured the use of solo and concerted voices, chorus, and orchestra with continuo in alternating vocal movements and choruses. Although similar to the operatic prologues of Lully in France in the 1670s, the Ode was wholly an English invention, having no direct counterpart in France. Purcell is credited with expanding the scope of the court Ode with a wider range and sensitivity to dramatic effect, the inclusion of more colourful orchestral instruments to the basic string group, virtuosic writing for fine performers, and the inclusion of ritornelli, recurring ground basses, and other organizational features which gave coherence and unity to the form. However, until very recently there has been little critical evaluation of these pieces, and they are just now beginning to be recognized as masterpieces. Through analysis, this dissertation focuses on the chronological changes of style seen in Purcell's writing of court Odes, of which there is at least one contribution every year from 1680–1695 (with the exception of 1688, the year of James II's departure). The unity of purpose, as well as performers and instrumentalists available at the court (so that Purcell was not compromised in his writing by a lack of talented forces), offers a unique opportunity to examine how his style changed and matured over time. The disposition of movements, harmony, phrasing, structural organization, and counterpoint—perhaps the most important element of his work as a composer—are discussed in the context of his stylistic and technical development. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject Purcell, Henry en_US
dc.subject Choral music en_US
dc.title The court odes of Henry Purcell : an evaluation [of] his style from 1680-1695 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Gooch, Bryan N. S.
dc.contributor.supervisor Schwandt, Erich
dc.degree.department School of Music en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US

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