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From outcomes to inputs: What is required to achieve the ecological and socioeconomic potential of marine protected areas?

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dc.contributor.author Bennett, Nathan
dc.contributor.author Dearden, Philip
dc.date.accessioned 2013-04-05T17:53:27Z
dc.date.available 2013-04-05T17:53:27Z
dc.date.copyright 2012 en_US
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Bennett, N. & Dearden, P. (2012). From Outcomes to Inputs: What is Required to Achieve the Ecological and Socio-Economic Potential of Marine Protected Areas? (Working Paper). Victoria, Canada: Marine Protected Areas Research Group/University of Victoria. 38 p. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/4511
dc.description A working paper of Project IMPAACT and the Marine Protected Areas Research Group en_US
dc.description.abstract Marine protected areas (MPAs) are one tool that has been shown to be effective for achieving marine conservation objectives. MPAs might also result in beneficial social and economic outcomes for local communities through, for example, increasing fish abundance and the resultant spillover into surrounding fisheries or the creation of alternative livelihoods. Yet the percentage of MPAs that might be considered “successful” on ecological and/or socio-economic accounts is debatable. MPA scholars and conservation organizations alike have suggested that much remains to be understood about what the requirements are for successful implementation and operation of MPAs. It is on this problem that this paper focuses through asking: “What inputs are required to achieve the potential ecological, social, and economic outcomes of marine protected areas?” In this paper, we discuss the potential positive and negative outcomes of MPAs and explore the inputs required to achieve balanced and beneficial outcomes while giving consideration to the implications of local and macro contexts. Moreover, we suggest that a tripartite approach to MPA implementation and operations that gives appropriate and contextualized attention to governance, management, and development is more likely to lead to successful MPA outcomes as there are inherent feedbacks between the three inputs. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship The research that led to this working paper was completed during a PhD in Geography at the University of Victoria under the supervision of Dr. Philip Dearden. We would like to acknowledge the support of the Social Science and Human Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), the Bay of Bengal Large Marine Ecosystem Project, the Centre for Global Studies, and a scholarship from SSHRC and the Trudeau Foundation. Project IMPAACT is a project of the Marine Protected Areas Research Group at the University of Victoria. International and Thai partners of Project IMPAACT include the BOBLME Project, the Thai Department of Fisheries, the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources, the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, the Phuket Marine Biological Centre, the Centre for Biodiversity in Peninsular Thailand at the Prince of Songkla University, and the Department of Conservation in the Faculty of Forestry at Kasetsart University. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Marine Protected Areas Research Group/University of Victoria en_US
dc.subject marine protected areas en_US
dc.subject development en_US
dc.subject management en_US
dc.subject governance en_US
dc.subject success en_US
dc.title From outcomes to inputs: What is required to achieve the ecological and socioeconomic potential of marine protected areas? en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US


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  • Bennett, Nathan
    Nathan Bennett has worked as a researcher, university instructor, teacher, guide, international development worker, and sustainability-conservation educator.

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