Waste system responses to peak tourist visitation periods: case study of Barra de Valizas, Uruguay

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dc.contributor.author Nagel, Rhianna
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-05T18:09:27Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-05T18:09:27Z
dc.date.copyright 2016 en_US
dc.date.issued 2016-05-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/7287
dc.description.abstract Rural communities that depend on tourism for their economic well being, such as Barra de Valizas, Uruguay, rely on their social and ecological integrity to attract tourists to their communities. Peak tourist seasons and associated augmented consumption patterns can saturate the solid waste systems of these tourist destinations. Peak periods of waste production in these communities can lead to the degradation of ecological and social integrity, and can pose the threat of reduced tourist visitation rates and consequent downturns in the local economy. The degradation and worries for the local economy can generate awareness about the implications of increased waste production and can thus be a driver to develop waste reduction and diversion strategies. As part of developing this thesis, I implemented a case study of the waste management system in Barra de Valizas, Uruguay. The condition of interest in this study is communities that are economically dependent on tourism, have a small permanent resident population, experience peak periods of tourist visitation, and have difficulty managing their fluctuating waste system. This case study, founded in Participatory Action Research, identified waste system components and processes and determined some feasible improvements by way of iterative processes of research and action. Seven semi-structured interviews, 54 household structured interviews, four focus groups and community mapping were applied with diverse stakeholders to collaboratively develop and implement waste system improvement strategies. The implementation of these strategies elucidated upon waste system components, processes, linkages and general state. This research demonstrated that permanent residents of Barra de Valizas consume more packaged goods during the tourist season and as such produce, on average, four times more waste during the peak tourist season as compared to the off season. Peak periods of waste production, associated with the peak tourist visitation period, were found to saturate the local waste management system and weaken local social and ecological integrity. Research participants highlighted awareness building, improved waste containment, and waste diversion as key strategies for reducing this saturation. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject Waste, Participatory Action Research, Tourism, Resilience, Consumption, Recycling en_US
dc.title Waste system responses to peak tourist visitation periods: case study of Barra de Valizas, Uruguay en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Gutberlet, Jutta
dc.degree.department Department of Geography en_US
dc.degree.level Master of Arts M.A. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US
dc.description.proquestcode 0366 en_US

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