The anatomy of panic: the impact of naval scares and public opinion in late nineteenth-century Britain

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dc.contributor.author O'Shea, Iain
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-29T21:19:05Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-08-29
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.library.uvic.ca//handle/1828/8497
dc.description.abstract Popular navalism in nineteenth-century Britain was a natural but not inevitable outcome of the geographical reality of an island nation possessing a large maritime empire. The long-term evolution of democracy and the rapid growth of the mass-circulation press transformed the civil-military relationship in the last decades of the century, leading to a series of naval scares. These were episodes of intense public interest and engagement in naval affairs, manifested through Parliamentary speeches, newspaper and periodical contributions and in private correspondence. Naval historians have emphasized technological and strategic narratives in the modernization of the Royal Navy, and in the process neglected the dramatic political struggles in 1884–94 that provided the vital precondition for naval reform and expansion — money. The relevant question is not whether the naval scares were objectively justified, but how public discourses were employed by individuals and interest groups to transform the naval political economy by creating a ‘blue-water’ strategic common sense that would support the creation of ocean-going battlefleets designed to win and maintain ‘command of the sea.’ A triangular relationship between the Government, the navy and the public, connected largely through the press, rapidly evolved over the course of three naval scares, in 1884, 1888 and 1893. A pro-navy political equilibrium was constructed that raised peacetime naval expenditure to unprecedented heights and laid the foundations for the more widely known reforms of the twentieth-century ‘Fisher Era.’ en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject Royal Navy en_US
dc.subject New Journalism en_US
dc.subject navalism en_US
dc.subject civil-military relations en_US
dc.subject newspaper press en_US
dc.subject naval politics en_US
dc.title The anatomy of panic: the impact of naval scares and public opinion in late nineteenth-century Britain en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Zimmerman, David
dc.degree.department Department of History en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US
dc.description.embargo 2018-08-21

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