Online Hunting Forums Identify Achievement as Prominent Among Multiple Satisfactions

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dc.contributor.author Ebeling-Schuld, Alena M.
dc.contributor.author Darimont, Chris T.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-10T20:38:00Z
dc.date.available 2019-01-10T20:38:00Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017
dc.identifier.citation Ebeling-Schuld, A. M. & Darimont, C. T. (2017). Online hunting forums identify achievement as prominent among multiple satisfactions. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 41(3), 523-529. https://doi.org/10.1002/wsb.796 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1002/wsb.796
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/10501
dc.description.abstract Understanding hunter satisfactions can lead to improved wildlife management policy and practice. Whereas previous work has suggested that hunters often seek multiple satisfactions (achievement, affiliation, appreciation), little is known about how satisfactions might vary with target species. Additionally, past research has mostly gathered data using interviews and surveys, which might limit scope as well as introduce strategic bias for potentially provocative subjects such as hunting. To address these gaps, we analyzed data from online hunting forums, which provide an open-access source of peer-to-peer discussion that is geographically and taxonomically broad. We used directed qualitative content analysis to analyze hunting narratives for satisfactions by coding 2,864 phrases across 455 hunting "stories," and compared patterns of dominant (most frequent) and multiple satisfactions between target species type (ungulates and carnivores) using forums from 3 regions: British Columbia, Canada; Texas, USA; and North America-wide. We found that achievement was the dominant satisfaction in 81% of ungulate and 86% of carnivore stories. Appreciation was nearly absent as a dominant satisfaction in carnivore stories. We found that 62% of ungulate and 53% of carnivore stories had multiple satisfactions present, indicating that appreciation and affiliation play important secondary satisfaction roles even when achievement is dominant. If these data are broadly representative of hunters on a larger scale, management policy instruments that ignore achievement may not evoke change in hunter behavior, particularly involving carnivore target species. Despite limitations associated with online forums (e.g., nonrepresentative of all hunters), they provide a new and valuable resource for wildlife management research. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship AME-S was supported by a National Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) Undergraduate Student Research Award and CTD by NSERC Discovery Grant 435683 and support from Raincoast Conservation Foundation; Hakai Institute; and the Tula, Wilburforce, and Willow Grove Foundations. We thank K. R. Child, D. Duffus, M. S. Adams, A. L. Fleerackers, and A. R. Schuld for comments and feedback on earlier drafts, as well as B. Graham and J. Francoeur for contributions to inter-coder and precision testing. We thank Associate Editor M. Nils Peterson and peer reviewers for their valuable contributions to our manuscript. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Wildlife Society Bulletin en_US
dc.subject achievement en_US
dc.subject directed qualitative ocntent analysis en_US
dc.subject discussion forums en_US
dc.subject internet en_US
dc.subject multiple satisfactions en_US
dc.subject policy en_US
dc.subject social media en_US
dc.subject thematic coding en_US
dc.subject trophy hunting en_US
dc.subject wildlife management en_US
dc.title Online Hunting Forums Identify Achievement as Prominent Among Multiple Satisfactions en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US

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