Insights on fostering the emergence of robust conservation actions from Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE program

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dc.contributor.author Biggs, Duan
dc.contributor.author Ban, Natalie C.
dc.contributor.author Castilla, Juan Carlos
dc.contributor.author Gelcich, Stefan
dc.contributor.author Mills, Morena
dc.contributor.author Gandiwa, Edson
dc.contributor.author Etienne, Michel
dc.contributor.author Knight, Andrew T.
dc.contributor.author Marquet, Pablo A.
dc.contributor.author Possingham, Hugh P.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-02T15:56:52Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-02T15:56:52Z
dc.date.copyright 2019 en_US
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.citation Biggs, D., Ban, N.C., Castilla, J.C., Gelcich, S., Mills, M., Gandiwa, E., … Possingham, H.P. (2019). Insights on fostering the emergence of robust conservation actions from Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE program. Global Ecology and Conservation, 17, e00538. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00538 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00538
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/10615
dc.description.abstract One strategy to address threats to biodiversity in the face of ongoing budget constraints is to create an enabling environment that facilitates individuals, communities and other groups to self-organise to achieve conservation outcomes. Emergence (new activities and initiatives), and robustness (durability of these activities and initiatives over time), two related concepts from the common pool resources literature, provide guidance on how to support and enable such self-organised action for conservation. To date emergence has received little attention in the literature. Our exploratory synthesis of the conditions for emergence from the literature highlighted four themes: for conservation to emerge, actors need to 1) recognise the need for change, 2) expect positive outcomes, 3) be able to experiment to achieve collective learning, and 4) have legitimate local scale governance authority. Insights from the literature on emergence and robustness suggest that an appropriate balance should be maintained between external guidance of conservation and enabling local actors to find solutions appropriate to their contexts. We illustrate the conditions for emergence, and its interaction with robustness, through discussing the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE) in Zimbabwe and reflect on efforts at strengthening local autonomy and management around the world. We suggest that the delicate balance between external guidance of actions, and supporting local actors to develop their own solutions, should be managed adaptively over time to support the emergence of robust conservation actions. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship We thank the Australian Research Council CEED and Project on Marine Conservation CCM RC 130004 (IniciativaCientificaMilenio) and the Estación Costera de Investigaciones Marinas (ECIM), Las Cruces, Universidad Católica de Chile for funding the workshops that led to this publication. Duan Biggs is supported by an Australian Research Council Discovery Early Career Researcher Grant (DE 160101182). en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Global Ecology and Conservation en_US
dc.subject Emergence en_US
dc.subject Robustness en_US
dc.subject Complexity en_US
dc.subject Cost-effectiveness en_US
dc.subject Institutions en_US
dc.subject Social learning en_US
dc.subject Community-based conservation en_US
dc.subject CAMPFIRE en_US
dc.title Insights on fostering the emergence of robust conservation actions from Zimbabwe's CAMPFIRE program en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US

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