The Raising of Minimum Alcohol Prices in Saskatchewan, Canada: Impacts on Consumption and Implications for Public Health

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dc.contributor.author Stockwell, Tim
dc.contributor.author Zhao, Jinhui
dc.contributor.author Giesbrecht, Norman
dc.contributor.author Macdonald, Scott
dc.contributor.author Thomas, Gerald
dc.contributor.author Wettlaufer, Ashley
dc.date.accessioned 2013-08-19T21:49:57Z
dc.date.available 2013-08-19T21:49:57Z
dc.date.copyright 2012 en_US
dc.date.issued 2012-10
dc.identifier.citation Stockwell et al. American Journal of Public Health Published online ahead of print October 18, 2012 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/4774
dc.description.abstract Objectives. We report impacts on alcohol consumption following new and increased minimum alcohol prices in Saskatchewan, Canada. Methods. We conducted autoregressive integrated moving average time series analyses of alcohol sales and price data from the Saskatchewan government alcohol monopoly for 26 periods before and 26 periods after the intervention. Results. A 10% increase in minimum prices significantly reduced consumption of beer by 10.06%, spirits by 5.87%, wine by 4.58%, and all beverages combined by 8.43%. Consumption of coolers decreased significantly by 13.2%, cocktails by 21.3%, and liqueurs by 5.3%. There were larger effects for purely off-premise sales (e.g., liquor stores) than for primarily on-premise sales (e.g., bars, restaurants). Consumption of higher strength beer and wine declined the most. A 10% increase in minimum price was associated with a 22.0% decrease in consumption of higher strength beer (> 6.5% alcohol/volume) versus 8.17% for lower strength beers. The neighboring province of Alberta showed no change in per capita alcohol consumption before and after the intervention. Conclusions. Minimum pricing is a promising strategy for reducing the public health burden associated with hazardous alcohol consumption. Pricing to reflect percentage alcohol content of drinks can shift consumption toward lower alcohol content beverage types. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship This research was funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (grant 102627 “Does minimum pricing reduce the burden of injury and illness attributable to alcohol?”; T. Stockwell, principal investigator). en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Journal of Public Health en_US
dc.subject minimum pricing en_US
dc.subject alcohol prices en_US
dc.subject Saskatchewan en_US
dc.title The Raising of Minimum Alcohol Prices in Saskatchewan, Canada: Impacts on Consumption and Implications for Public Health en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Faculty en_US
dc.description.reviewstatus Reviewed en_US

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