3D underwater monocular machine vision from 2D images in an attenuating medium

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dc.contributor.author Randell, Charles James
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-25T20:50:49Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-25T20:50:49Z
dc.date.copyright 1997 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-05-25
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/8194
dc.description.abstract This dissertation presents a novel underwater machine vision technique which uses the optical properties of water to extract range information from colour images. By exploiting the fact that the attenuation of light in water is a function of frequency, an intensity-range transformation is developed and implemented to provide monocular vision systems with a three-dimensional scene reconstruction capability. The technique can also be used with images that have no salient, contrasting features and there are no restrictions on surface shapes. From a generalized reflectance map based on the optical properties of water, the closed form intensity-range transformation is derived to convert intensity images from various spectral bands into a range map wherein the value of each "pixel" is the range to the imaged surface. The technique is computationally efficient enough to be performed in real time and does not require specialized illumination or similar restrictive conditions. A calibration procedure is developed which enables the transformation to be practically implemented. An alternate approach to estimating range from multispectral data based on expanding the medium's transfer function and using these terms as elements in sensitivity vectors is also presented and analyzed. Mathematical analysis of the intensity-range transformation and associated developments is provided in terms of its performance in noise and sensitivity to various system parameters. Its performance as a function of light scattering is studied with the aid of computer simulation. Results from transforming actual underwater images are also presented. The results of this analysis and the demonstrated performance of the intensity-range transformation endorse it as a practical enhancement to underwater machine vision systems. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject Computer vision en_US
dc.subject Image processing en_US
dc.subject Underwater light en_US
dc.title 3D underwater monocular machine vision from 2D images in an attenuating medium en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Collins, James S.
dc.contributor.supervisor Lu, Wu-Sheng
dc.degree.department Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US

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