Masculinity and mobilised folklore: the image of the hajduk in the creation of the modern Serbian warrior

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dc.contributor.author Bozanich, Stevan
dc.date.accessioned 2017-08-04T18:25:37Z
dc.date.available 2017-08-04T18:25:37Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-08-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/8402
dc.description.abstract Based on Hobsbawm’s notion of “invented traditions,” this thesis argues that the Serbian warrior tradition, the hajduk, was formalised from the folk oral epic tradition into official state practices. Using reports from the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, military histories of Yugoslavia’s Second World War, and case files from the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), this thesis shows how the hajduk epics were used to articulate war programs and formations, to construct perpetrator and victim identities, and to help encourage and justify the levels of violence during the Yugoslav wars of succession, 1991-1995. The thesis shows how the formalising of the invented hajduk tradition made the epics an important part of political and military mobilisation for at least the last two centuries. During Serbia’s modernisation campaign in the nineteenth century, the epic hajduk traditions were codified by Serbian intellectuals and fashioned into national stories of heroism. While cleansing territories of undesirable populations during the Balkan Wars of 1912-1913, the hajduks were portrayed in the tradition of nation builders by the Kingdom of Serbia. The hajduk tradition was also mobilised as Nazi Germany invaded Yugoslavia in 1941, with both Draža Mihailović’s Četniks and Tito’s Partisans appropriating the historic guerrilla tradition. During the “re-traditionalisation” period under Slobodan Milošević in the 1980s, the invented hajduk tradition was again mobilised in the service of war. As Bosnian Muslim bodies were flung from the Mehmed Sokolović Bridge in Višegrad in 1992, the Serbian perpetrators dreamed of themselves as avenging hajduks thus justifying a modern ethnic cleansing. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject Serbian history en_US
dc.subject Yugoslavia en_US
dc.subject Yugoslav history en_US
dc.subject hajduk en_US
dc.subject paramilitary en_US
dc.subject insurgency en_US
dc.subject Chetnik en_US
dc.subject Partisan en_US
dc.subject gusle en_US
dc.subject oral folk epic en_US
dc.subject Serbia en_US
dc.subject mass violence en_US
dc.subject atrocity en_US
dc.subject mobilisation en_US
dc.subject genocide en_US
dc.subject ethnic cleansing en_US
dc.subject nationalism en_US
dc.subject ethnicity en_US
dc.subject masculinity en_US
dc.title Masculinity and mobilised folklore: the image of the hajduk in the creation of the modern Serbian warrior en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Yekelchyk, Serhy
dc.degree.department Department of History en_US
dc.degree.level Master of Arts M.A. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US

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