A cosmological field theory

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dc.contributor.author Starkovich, Steven Paul
dc.date.accessioned 2018-07-05T00:03:03Z
dc.date.available 2018-07-05T00:03:03Z
dc.date.copyright 1992 en_US
dc.date.issued 2018-07-04
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.library.uvic.ca//handle/1828/9593
dc.description.abstract Field theory is used to describe the material content of the universe throughout its entire history, and an oscillating cosmological model without a singularity is presented. In our theory, the “cosmological fluid” is described by a classical scalar field that undergoes a series of phase transitions over the lifetime of the universe. Each transition corresponds to a discontinuous change in the equation of state of the field. In general, for an FRW universe and a given equation of state, we show that the field potential V(Φ) may be derived from the solution of Piccati’s equation. The resulting expression for V(Φ) includes parameters whose values are determined from the boundary conditions. In our theory, we employ the standard cosmological model and the fundamental Planck quantities to provide these boundary conditions. We thereby determine the scalar field Lagrangian for the entire history of the universe. The resulting cosmological model is free of any singularities, and includes an early inflationary epoch. Inflation arises in our theory as a consequence of the initial conditions. The theory describes a universe that is very cold at its minimum radius, although it heats rapidly during the initial inflationary era. This increase in the temperature of the scalar field during inflation is a direct consequence of applying classical thermodynamics under the assumed conditions for the early universe, and does not depend on the fine-tuning of free parameters. Inflation continues until a maximum possible physical temperature (the Planck temperature) is attained, at which point a phase transition occurs and the standard model era begins. By relating the temperature of the scalar field in our theory to the radiation temperature in the standard model universe, it is possible to establish a thermodynamic constraint on a more complete theory of matter for the early universe. Although, in principle, inflation occurs for any equation of state where p < -(1/3)p, we find that the initial equation of state must be p ≈ -p if the later epochs of the universe are to resemble the standard model. In particular, we find that Ho = 33 - 44 km sec-1 Mpc-1 is the value of the Hubble parameter a t the current epoch that is least sensitive to the initial equation of state. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject Field theory (Physics) en_US
dc.title A cosmological field theory en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Cooperstock, F.
dc.degree.department Department of Physics and Astronomy en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. en_US
dc.description.scholarlevel Graduate en_US

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