Parental Patterns of Alcohol Consumption During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Date

2023-03-17

Authors

Booth, Kelsey

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Abstract

Background: The declaration of the COVID-19 pandemic led to public health restrictions that impacted the lives of individuals across the globe. Parents may have been particularly burdened with balancing multiple responsibilities such as working from home while caring and educating children. Alcohol usage among parents is an area that warrants further exploration. The aim of this study was to investigate patterns of parental alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A scoping review informed by Arksey and O’Mally’s methodology explored patterns of parental alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Searches were conducted using CINAHL, Ovid-Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science, Sociology Databases, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Search terms were created using the Joanna Briggs Institute framework of Population-Concept-Context (PCC). The population was parents, the concept was alcohol consumption and the context was the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: The database search yielded 2452 articles which were screened for eligibility. 29 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included for the scoping review. Findings revealed having a child in the home was a factor in alcohol usage, gendered patterns of alcohol use were present and mental health impacted parental alcohol usage. Conclusion: This scoping review revealed variations in parental alcohol usage across sociocultural contexts during the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the known harms of alcohol usage, clinicians should assess changes in parental drinking patterns and initiate conversations and counsel regarding problematic drinking patterns.

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Keywords

pandemic, COVID-19, alcohol, Parents

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