An Overview of Glycerol Electrooxidation Mechanisms on Pt, Pd and Au

Date

2021

Authors

Li, Tianyu
Harrington, David A.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

ChemSusChem

Abstract

In the most recent decade, glycerol electrooxidation (GEOR) has attracted extensive research interest for valorization of glycerol: the conversion of glycerol to value‐added products. These reactions at platinum, palladium, and gold electrodes have a lot of uncertainty in their reaction mechanisms, which has generated some controversies. This review gathers many reported experimental results, observations and proposed reaction mechanisms in order to draw a full picture of GEOR. A particular focus is the clarification of two propositions: Pd is inferior to Pt in cleaving the C−C bonds of glycerol during the electrooxidation and the massive production of CO2 at high overpotentials is due to the oxidation of the already‐oxidized carboxylate products. It is concluded that the inferior C−C bond cleavability with Pd electrodes, as compared with Pt electrodes, is due to the inefficiency of deprotonation, and the massive generation of CO2 as well as other C1/C2 side products is partially caused by the consumption of OH– at the anodes, as a lower pH reduces the amount of carboxylates and favors the C−C bond scission. A reaction mechanism is proposed in this review, in which the generation of side products are directly from glycerol (“competition” between each side product) rather than from the further oxidation of C2/C3 products. Additionally, GEOR results and associated interpretations for Ni electrodes are presented, as well as a brief review on the performances of multi‐metallic electrocatalysts (most of which are nanocatalysts) as an introduction to these future research hotpots.

Description

Keywords

carboxylic acids, glycerol oxidation, gold, palladium, platinum

Citation

Li, T., & Harrington, D. A. (2021). An Overview of Glycerol Electrooxidation Mechanisms on Pt, Pd and Au. ChemSusChem, 14(6), 1472-1495. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.202002669.