Understanding Universality within a Liberal Welfare Regime: The Case of Universal Social Programs in Canada

dc.contributor.authorBéland, D.
dc.contributor.authorMarchildon, G. P.
dc.contributor.authorPrince, M. J.
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-29T19:50:48Z
dc.date.available2020-05-29T19:50:48Z
dc.date.copyright2020en_US
dc.date.issued2020
dc.description.abstractAlthough Canada is known as a liberal welfare regime, universality is a key issue in that country, as several major social programs are universal in both their core principles and coverage rules. The objective of this article is to discuss the meaning of universality and related concepts before exploring the development of individual universal social programs in Canada, with a particular focus on health care and old-age pensions. More generally, the article shows how universality can exist and become resilient within a predominantly liberal welfare regime due to the complex and fragmented nature of modern social policy systems, in which policy types vary from policy area to policy area, and even from program to program within the same policy area. The broader analysis of health care and old-age pensions as policy areas illustrates this general claim. This analysis looks at the historical development and the politics of provincial universal health coverage since the late 1950s and at the evolution of the federal Old Age Security program since its creation in the early 1950s. The main argument of this article is that universality as a set of principles remains stronger in health care than in pensions yet key challenges remain in each of these policy areas. Another contention is that there are multiple and contested universalisms in social policy.en_US
dc.description.reviewstatusRevieweden_US
dc.description.scholarlevelFacultyen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank Monica Budowski, Daniel Kuenzler, and the three reviewers for their comments and suggestions.en_US
dc.identifier.citationBéland, D., Marchildon, G. P., & Prince, M. J. (2020). Understanding Universality within a Liberal Welfare Regime: The Case of Universal Social Programs in Canada. Social Inclusion, 8(1), 124-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/si.v8i1.2445.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.17645/si.v8i1.2445
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1828/11780
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSocial Inclusionen_US
dc.subjectCanadaen_US
dc.subjecthealth careen_US
dc.subjectliberal welfare regimeen_US
dc.subjectold-age pensionsen_US
dc.subjectsocial policyen_US
dc.subjectuniversalityen_US
dc.titleUnderstanding Universality within a Liberal Welfare Regime: The Case of Universal Social Programs in Canadaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US

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