A scoping review of obesity education interventions for current and prospective medical professionals in Canada

Date

2023

Authors

Nagpal, Taniya S.
Pearce, Nicole
Sockalingam, Sanjeev
Hawa, Raed
Dhaliwal, Khushmol K.
Lee-Baggley, Dana
El-Hussein, Mohamed
Nutter, Sarah
Piccinini-Vallis, Helena
Vallis, Michael

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Obesity Pillars

Abstract

Background: Obesity is a prevalent chronic disease in Canada. Individuals living with obesity frequently interact with medical professionals who must be prepared to provide evidence-based and person-centred care options. The purpose of this scoping review was to summarize existing educational interventions on obesity in Canada for current and prospective medical professionals and to identify key future directions for practice and research. Methods: A scoping review was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for scoping reviews. The search strategy was conducted using Medline (via PubMed), Embase, Eric, CBCA, Proquest Education, and Proquest Theses. The inclusion criteria included delivery of an educational intervention on obesity for current medical professionals, medical undergraduate trainees, or residents administered in Canada. Data were extracted from the included studies to thematically summarize the intervention content, and main outcomes assessed. Future directions for research and practice were identified. Results: Eight studies met the inclusion criteria. The interventions ranged in terms of the mode of delivery, including interactive in-person workshops and seminars, online learning modules, webinars, and videos. The main outcomes assessed were attitudes towards patients living with obesity, self-efficacy for having sensitive obesity-related discussions, skills to assess obesity and provision of management options. All studies reported improvements in the outcomes. Future directions identified were the need to develop standardized obesity competencies for inclusion across medical education programs, further research on effective pedagogical approaches to integrating content into existing curricula and the need for broader awareness and assessment of the quality of obesity education resources. Conclusion: Although there have been few obesity-specific educational interventions for current and prospective medical professionals in Canada, existing evidence shows positive learning outcomes. These findings advocate for continued investment in the development of obesity medical training and educational interventions.

Description

Keywords

Obesity, Education, Medicine, Canada

Citation

Nagpal, T. S., Pearce, N., Sockalingam, S., Hawa, R., Dhaliwal, K. K., Lee-Baggley, D., ... Abraham, R. (2023). A scoping review of obesity education interventions for current and prospective medical professionals in Canada. Obesity Pillars, 8, 100085. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.obpill.2023.100085