Inpatient care provider perspectives on the development and implementation of an addiction medicine consultation service in a small urban setting

Date

2022

Authors

Beckett, Madelaine
Hering, Ramm
Urbanoski, Karen

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

Abstract

Background: To evaluate provider perspectives on the development and implementation of an inpatient Addiction Medicine Consult Service, including their awareness of the service, its perceived role in the continuum of care, and changes over time in their perceptions of care quality for inpatients with substance use disorders. Methods: Repeated cross-sectional survey of hospital-based physicians, nurses and social workers performed at service launch (April–June, 2017) and 4 years later (March–June, 2021). Results: Providers had generally positive perceptions of the service and its impact on care quality, but encountered significant barriers at both time points in meeting patient needs (related to high patient complexity and difficulty connecting patients with community services post-discharge). Relative to physicians and social workers, nurses were less likely to be familiar with the service or see it as beneficial. Conclusions: Findings indicate that the service fills a gap that existed previously in the local system of care; however, numerous opportunities exist to further strengthen the system beyond the hospital setting to promote longer-term health among people who use substances. For nurses in particular, outreach, education, and other resources (e.g., dedicated nursing role support, nurse liaison) are warranted to ensure that nurses feel supported and confident caring for this patient population.

Description

Keywords

Addiction medicine consult, Inpatient care, Care quality, Survey research

Citation

Beckett, M., Herring, R., & Urbanoski, K. (2022). “Inpatient care provider perspectives on the development and implementation of an addiction medicine consultation service in a small urban setting.” Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 17(70). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00497-9