Ayaawx (Ts'msyen ancestral law): The power of transformation

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dc.contributor.author Vickers, Patricia June
dc.date.accessioned 2008-12-18T22:07:30Z
dc.date.available 2008-12-18T22:07:30Z
dc.date.copyright 2008 en_US
dc.date.issued 2008-12-18T22:07:30Z
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1828/1299
dc.description.abstract The Ayaawx is the ancient law of Ts’msyen people situated on the northwest coast of British Columbia. With principles for spiritual, social, political and economic relations, the Ayaawx has been taught both directly and indirectly in daily and ceremonial living for centuries. The Ayaawx holds transformational change as a natural event in human relationships with each other, the land, and the supernatural world. Yet the Ayaawx is not studied in depth in post secondary institutions in British Columbia or defined as a resource for program development by governments or a reliable resource by us as Ts’msyen people. Statistical data on Indigenous Canadians is prolific indicating the severity of suffering caused by social and legalized oppression. Indigenous peoples of Canada have received health, social, psychological, psychiatric and educational services from the federal and provincial governments for over one hundred years and yet the suffering remains inordinately high. For example, less than sixty years ago Sm’algyax was spoken by children, adolescents, adults and elders in Ts’msyen communities and individuals and House Groups knew the protocol for resolving conflicts in families and the community. The organization and interpretation of this dissertation has been structured here in the format of a contemporary Adaawx, (sacred story), with Sm’algyax, (Ts’msyen language) as the main reference for meaning when discussing the impact of cultural oppression and in identifying the main principles of the Ayaawx that will assist individuals, families and communities in transforming suffering. Transformation is a common act in Adaawx, art objects, dramatizations and song. Woven throughout Adaawx, the principles of the Ayaawx are a vital resource not only to transform suffering, but it is also a guide to direct all human beings into a progressive future. en_US
dc.language English eng
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.rights Available to the World Wide Web en_US
dc.subject Indigenous en_US
dc.subject Aboriginal en_US
dc.subject Ancestral Law en_US
dc.subject Ancestral Principles en_US
dc.subject Tsimshian Law en_US
dc.subject Northwest Coast Indigenous en_US
dc.subject British Columbia en_US
dc.subject.lcsh UVic Subject Index::Humanities and Social Sciences::History::Canada--History en_US
dc.title Ayaawx (Ts'msyen ancestral law): The power of transformation en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.contributor.supervisor Senese, Phyllis
dc.contributor.supervisor Stephenson, Peter
dc.degree.department Dept. of History en_US
dc.degree.level Doctor of Philosophy Ph.D. en_US
dc.identifier.bibliographicCitation Vickers, P. (1998). To know another’s heart: intimacy in two cultures. ReVision, 21, 11-15 Bastien, B., Kremer, J.W., Norton, J., Rivers-Norton, J. & Vickers, P. (1999). The genocide of Native Americans: denial, shadow, and recovery. ReVision, 22, 13-20 Vickers, P. (2002). The colonial mind in post-secondary education. McGill Journal of Education, Spring 2002. Bastien, B., Kremer, J.W., Kuokkanen R., & Vickers, P. (2003). Healing the impact of Colonization, genocide, and racism on indigenous populations. In S. Krippner & T.M. McIntyre.,The psychological impact of war trauma on civilians. West Port, CT: Praeger Publishing. Vickers, P. J. (2003, June). Making things right: an intervention process. Victoria Native Friendship Center, Victoria B.C.: Author. Vickers, P. (2004). Poverty Lines. Geist, 52. Vickers, P. (2004, July). Remembering our Grandparent’s teachings. Laxgalts’ap Village Government, Nass Valley B.C.: Author. Vickers, P.J. (2005). Sayt k’ilim goot (of one heart) Transforming Suffering. American Indian Quarterly. 29, 4. Vickers, P.J. (2005, May). Sagyt Kuulm Goot (of one heart): bringing our youth together. First Nations Summit: Vancouver, B.C. Vickers, P.J. (2007) Ayaawx: in the path of our ancestors, Cultural studies of Science Education, vol.2, 3, 592-598 Vickers, P. J. (2008). The Princess and the bears. Wo(men) and Bears, the gifts of nature, culture and gender revisited. Toronto ON: Inanna Publications en_US

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