Optical Property Trends in Metal/Polymer (Ag/PVDF) Nanocomposites: A Computational Study

Date

2013-09-30

Authors

Rowan, Christopher Kenneth

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Abstract

Metal-polymer nanocomposite materials were found to have highly tunable opti- cal properties. Density functional theory-based calculations were employed to study trends in Ag/polyvinylidene fluoride nanocomposite optical properties. The frequency- dependent imaginary part of the dielectric constant was calculated from dipolar inter- band transitions. The metallic inclusion introduced both occupied and unoccupied states into the large polymer band gap. Thus, higher inclusion volume fractions generally led to stronger composite optical response. Spectra from monodisperse sys- tems correlated well with nanoparticle quantum confinement models. A polydisperse system exhibited optical properties that correlated best with interparticle distances along the field direction. Nanodisk and nanorod-shaped inclusions had tunable re- sponse from field polarization, aspect ratio, crystallographic projections, and nanorod end-cap morphology.

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Keywords

Nanocomposite, Optical properties, Polymer

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