Investigation of nonlinearity in hyperspectral remotely sensed imagery

Date

2009-09-10T20:13:23Z

Authors

Han, Tian

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Abstract

Hyperspectral remote sensing excels in its high spectral resolution, which enables the generation of contiguous spectral profiles covering the visible to shortwave infrared region (400 – 2500 nm) of the solar electromagnetic spectrum. The high spectral resolution has greatly stimulated the applications of hyperspectral remote sensing in different disciplines. The initial applications have been found in mineral exploration, followed by applications in environmental research, forest health evaluation, vegetation species mapping, precision farming, water pollution monitoring, and military target identification. It has been noticed, however, that there is an inconsistency between the statistical characteristics of hyperspectral remotely sensed data and the methods employed to model and process the data for information extraction. On the one hand, hyperspectral data are considered inherently nonlinear, due to the multiple nonlinear sources involved in the data formation. On the other hand, hyperspectral data has long been modeled and processed as realisations of some linear stochastic processes. What is the impact of this inconsistency on hyperspectral data analysis? This dissertation is prepared to address this question by firstly evaluating the significance of nonlinearity in hyperspectral data and secondly examining the influence of nonlinearity on dimensionality estimation, and noise reduction. This dissertation proved that nonlinearity existed in hyperspectral data and it was statistically significant. It was found that the dimension of hyperspectral data was substantially smaller when the nonlinearity was considered compared to estimations based on linear algorithms. It was demonstrated that improved noise reduction was achieved without compromising spectral absorption features if the nonlinearity was taken into consideration. The algorithms discussed in this dissertation were implemented, which provided a useful tool set for those who are interested in studying the nonlinear behaviours in hyperspectral data, which are not available in commercial remote sensing software packages.

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Keywords

remote sensing, nonlinearity

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