Parental psychological control and peer victimization in adolescence: the mediating role of internalizing and externalizing problems




Foran, Kathleen

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Parental psychological control is an intrusive dimension of parenting that involves parents' manipulation of children and adolescents' thoughts, feelings. and relationship bonds. Previous research indicates that parental psychological control is linked with increased risk for peer victimization in childhood and with increased risk for internalizing and externalizing problems in both childhood and adolescence. Less is known about the association of parental psychological control with peer victimization in adolescence or about the mechanisms that underlie this association. Participants in this study were 664 adolescents (ages 12-18) who were randomly sampled from a medium-sized Canadian city. Structural equation modeling showed that adolescents' internalizing problems mediated the link between parental psychological control and relational peer victimization whereas externalizing problems mediated the link between parental psychological control and both relational and physical peer victimization. The structural model was invariant across genders but differed between younger (ages 12-14) and older (ages 15-18) age groups.



bullying, parent and teenager