The nutritious springtime candy of people and animals in British Columbia: Lodgepole pine cambium (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Louden var. latifolia Engelm. ex S. Watson)




Dilbone, Megan

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This thesis examines the ethnobotany, physiology, anatomy, and nutritional value of edible lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Douglas ex Louden var. latifolia Engelm. ex S. Watson ) cambium. Many First Peoples of the Pacific Northwest historically used lodgepole pine cambium. It was so popular among interior First Peoples of British Columbia that it was considered a universal food. Even though harvesting and consumption of pine cambium is diminishing in popularity today, I was able to learn from some Tsilhqot‟in First Peoples on Redstone Reserve who had prior experience with pine cambium. Nutritional analysis of lodgepole pine cambium revealed the tissues to be high in protein and sugar as well as a suite of micronutrients, which contribute to overall immunity and electrolyte balance. While lodgepole pine cambium is considered a sweet, seasonal treat by many First Peoples it is evident through my analysis that there are added nutritional benefits beyond the pleasure of consumption. This research illustrates an important case study of an endangered traditional food, which can be integrated into modern diets today. It also explores the integration of multiple disciplines of knowledge to inform this subject matter, providing multiple dimensions to understanding cambium production, timing of harvest, and benefit of consumption.



Pinus contorta var. latifolia, edible tree cambium, Chilcotin, traditional foods