A Mixed-Method Approach to Study Friendship Quality and Well-Being

Date

2023-12-21

Authors

Stepanyan, Maria

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Abstract

This convergent mixed-methods study investigated a three-facet conceptualization of the quality of friendship, through the lens of self-determination theory, and how this conceptualization interacted with the type of friendship and thus predicted well-being. Previous research has examined the independent relationship between psychological need support, need satisfaction, and motivation on well-being. However, this study proposes that high-quality friendships support an individual’s psychological needs, satisfy an individual’s psychological needs, and are engaged for autonomous reasons. Survey (n = 306) and interview data (n = 19) were collected simultaneously. Quantitative results indicated that the conceptualization of the quality of friendship is valid and associated with well-being. However, the quality of friendship is not associated with the type of friendship and there is no interaction between the two concepts and well-being. Qualitative findings revealed close friendships were of higher quality than casual friendships. This study expands the friendship literature and offers an alternative measure of the quality of friendship.

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Keywords

Mixed Method, Self-determination theory, Friendship, Well-being

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