Global labour mobility and recognition of the citizenship boundary: The case of temporary foreign workers in Canada and South Korea




Yoon, Sunju

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This thesis investigates the citizenship boundary encountered by foreign workers in the global labour market, with a focus on Canada and South Korea. In the past few years, there has been an increase in the number of incoming temporary migrant workers to both these countries. Temporary foreign workers often struggle to exercise their legal rights in the country of residence because they lack the membership that imparts the rights and duties inherent in citizenship. Territory-based citizenship fails to address the potential for access to citizenship of these immigrants in their countries of residence and the notion of “stakeholder principle,” initially introduced by Rainer Bauböck, is suggested to provide a flexible perspective on the criteria for access to the membership. This thesis uses the case of temporary foreign workers in Canada and South Korea as a case study to argue the relationship between this membership and its actual application of providing rights and protections to the resident aliens. Stakeholder citizenship provides a means of access to certain legal rights and protections to newcomers, but the limitations placed on certain migrant workers may result in their ineligibility for stakeholder status. The thesis concludes that, if temporary foreign workers cannot gain full access to social rights and integration, they should not be required to participate fully in the duties that accompany those rights. In all cases, both countries, the host state and the sending state, should cooperate to protect the legal status of TFWs.



labor mobility, foreign workers, aliens