Dealing with diversity: multicultural education in British Columbia, 1872-1981

Date

2018-09-14

Authors

Raptis, Helen

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Abstract

British Columbia (B.C.), like the rest of Canada, has had a culturally diverse population since its earliest years. By the early 1970s, commonality of educational purpose had begun to fray in the province. Specialized programs for specific minorities became the norm as the province's educational mandate expanded rapidly. Social and political forces within and outside B.C. coalesced during the 1970s to create a “multicultural crisis” in the province's K to 12 education system. Culmination of these forces in 1981 led Brian Smith, the provincial education minister, to declare the first ministerial commitment to multicultural education. This dissertation illustrates how official policies and actions affecting minority learners changed with differing social, economic and political forces over time and how these factors intersected with the efforts of individual players involved in policy development.

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Keywords

Multicultural education, British Columbia

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