U-Net ship detection in satellite optical imagery

Date

2020-10-05

Authors

Smith, Benjamin

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Abstract

Deep learning ship detection in satellite optical imagery suffers from false positive occurrences with clouds, landmasses, and man-made objects that interfere with correctly classifying ships. A custom U-Net is implemented to challenge this issue and aims to capture more features in order to provide a more accurate class accuracy. This model is trained with two different systematic architectures: single node architecture and a parameter server variant whose workers act as a boosting mechanism. To ex-tend this effort, a refining method of offline hard example mining aims to improve the accuracy of the trained models in both the validation and target datasets however it results in over correction and a decrease in accuracy. The single node architecture results in 92% class accuracy over the validation dataset and 68% over the target dataset. This exceeds class accuracy scores in related works which reached up to 88%. A parameter server variant results in class accuracy of 86% over the validation set and 73% over the target dataset. The custom U-Net is able to achieve acceptable and high class accuracy on a subset of training data keeping training time and cost low in cloud based solutions.

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Keywords

distributed systems, u-net, parameter server, geospatial data, satellite optical imagery, deep learning, object segmentation, ship detection

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