Interpersonal perception: don't worry, be happy




Gibson, James Edward Morgan

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Three studies tested two hypotheses stemming from Gifford's (2004) social evaluation theory (SET) using Kenny's (1994) social relations model. SET proposes that others are judged as potential need satisfiers (e.g., perceived as potential friends, bosses, mentors, etc.). The first hypothesis proposes that others will be perceived as enemies and opponents in non-optimal social situations. The second hypothesis proposes that social success will be positively correlated with judgmental accuracy. Participants responded to a variety of personality questionnaires, which included the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (Gosling, Rentfrow, & Swann, 2003), the Big Five (IPIP, 2005), the sub-scale measuring satisfaction with social life taken from the Extended Satisfaction with Life Scale (Alfonso, Allison, Rader, & Gorman, 1996), Positive Relations with Others Scale (Ryff & Keyes, 1995), and the Need to Evaluate Scale (Jarvis & Petty, 1996), and then worked in a round-robin fashion on either a competitive or cooperative task. Participants then rated one another on dimensions of personality and needs assessment satisfiers (e.g., whether they and others felt like friends, bosses, mentors, etc.). Distributions of rating variances differed depending on whether participants were rating needs or personality



social perception, interpersonal relations