A framework for data loss prevention using document semantic signature

Date

2019-11-22

Authors

Alhindi, Hanan

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Abstract

The theft and exfiltration of sensitive data (e.g., state secrets, trade secrets, company records, etc.) represent one of the most damaging threats that can be carried out by malicious insiders against institutions and organizations because this could seriously diminish the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the organization’s data. Data protection and insider threat detection and prevention are significant steps for any organization to enhance its internal security. In the last decade, data loss prevention (DLP) has emerged as one of the key mechanisms currently used by organizations to detect and block unauthorized data transfer from the organization perimeter. However, existing DLP approaches face several practical challenges, such as their relatively low accuracy that in turn affects their prevention capability. Also, current DLP approaches are ineffective in handling unstructured data or searching and comparing content semantically when confronted with evasion tactics where sensitive content is rewritten without changing its semantic. In the current dissertation, we present a new DLP model that tracks sensitive data using a summarized version of the content semantic called document semantic signature (DSS). The DSS can be updated dynamically as the protected content change and it is resilient against evasion tactics, such as content rewriting. We use domain specific ontologies to capture content semantics and track conceptual similarity and relevancy using adequate metrics to identify data leak from sensitive documents. The evaluation of the DSS model on two public datasets of different domain of interests achieved very encouraging results in terms of detection effectiveness.

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Keywords

Document Semnatic signature, data loss prevention, semantic similarity, semnatic relevance

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