Applications for the Electroless Deposition of Gold Nanoparticles onto Silicon




Millard, Morgan

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Gold nanoparticles were deposited onto a silicon substrate using electroless deposition. The process was optimized by adjusting the deposition time, the temperature of the plating solution, the amount of time that the silicon was exposed to hydrofluoric acid, and the concentration of the plating solution. The nanoparticles deposited on the silicon were characterized using scanning electron microscopy. The optimized electroless deposition process was then used to modify the surface of silicon solar cells with gold nanoparticles for enhanced power generation. Spectral response and I-V curve tests were performed on the modified solar cells to quantify the enhancements. The modified surfaces of the silicon solar cells were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and reflectance measurements. The electroless deposition process was also used to generate nanostructures for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). A template-nanohole array was fabricated on silicon by focused ion beam milling. Gold nanoparticles were deposited in the holes of the template, resulting in interesting gold-nanodoughnut structures. The gold nanodoughnuts were examined by scanning electron microscopy, and their potential as SERS substrates were tested using Rhodamine 6G as a molecular probe under 633 nm laser excitation.



electoless deposition, silicon solar cells, surface enhanced raman spectroscopy, gold nanostructures