Performance Analysis of Emerging Solutions to RF Spectrum Scarcity Problem in Wireless Communications




Usman, Muneer

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Wireless communication is facing an increasingly severe spectrum scarcity problem. Hybrid free space optical (FSO)/ millimetre wavelength (MMW) radio frequency (RF) systems and cognitive radios are two candidate solutions. Hybrid FSO/RF can achieve high data rate transmission for wireless back haul. Cognitive radio transceivers can opportunistically access the underutilized spectrum resource of existing systems for new wireless services. In this work we carry out accurate performance analysis on these two transmission techniques. In particular, we present and analyze a switching based transmission scheme for a hybrid FSO/RF system. Specifically, either the FSO or RF link will be active at a certain time instance, with the FSO link enjoying a higher priority. We consider both a single threshold case and a dual threshold case for FSO link operation. Analytical expressions are obtained for the outage probability, average bit error rate and ergodic capacity for the resulting system. We also investigate the delay performance of secondary cognitive transmission with interweave implementation. We first derive the exact statistics of the extended delivery time, that includes both transmission time and waiting time, for a fixed-size secondary packet. Both work-preserving strategy (i.e. interrupted packets will resume transmission from where interrupted) and non-work-preserving strategy (i.e. interrupted packets will be retransmitted) are considered with various sensing schemes. Finally, we consider a M/G/1 queue set-up at the secondary user and derive the closed-form expressions for the expected delay with Poisson traffic. The analytical results will greatly facilitate the design of the secondary system for particular target application.



Hydrid FSO/RF, Free-space optical communication, Radio frequency, Performance analysis, Cognitive radio, spectrum access, single-channel sensing, traffic model, primary user, secondary user, M/G/1 Queue