“How frigid zones reward the advent’rers toils”: natural history writing and the British imagination in the making of Hudson Bay, 1741-1752

dc.contributor.authorMelchin, Nicholas
dc.contributor.supervisorVibert, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.supervisorMcKenzie, Andrea Katherine
dc.date.accessioned2009-12-23T23:13:05Z
dc.date.available2009-12-23T23:13:05Z
dc.date.copyright2009en
dc.date.issued2009-12-23T23:13:05Z
dc.degree.departmentDept. of Historyen
dc.degree.levelMaster of Arts M.A.en
dc.description.abstractDuring the 1740’s, Hudson Bay went from an obscure backwater of the British Empire to a locus of colonial ambition. Arthur Dobbs revitalized Northwest Passage exploration, generating new information about the region’s environment and indigenous peoples. This study explores evolving English and British representations of Hudson Bay’s climate and landscape in travel and natural history writing, and probes British anxieties about foreign environments. I demonstrate how Dobbs’ ideology of improvement optimistically re-imagined the North, opening a new discursive space wherein the Subarctic could be favourably described and colonized. I examine how Hudson Bay explorers’ responses to difficulties in the Arctic and Subarctic were seen to embody, even amplify, central principles and features of eighteenth-century British culture and identity. Finally, I investigate how latitude served as a benchmark for civilization and savagery, subjugating the Lowland Cree and Inuit to British visions of settlement and improvement in their home territories.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1828/2023
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsAvailable to the World Wide Weben
dc.subjectExplorationen
dc.subjectDobbsen
dc.subjectNorthen
dc.subjectEighteenth centuryen
dc.subjectArcticen
dc.subjectLandscapeen
dc.subjectCanadaen
dc.subjectInuiten
dc.subjectCreeen
dc.subjectIndianen
dc.subjectIndigenousen
dc.subjectSubarcticen
dc.subjectTreeen
dc.subjectForesten
dc.subjectColonialen
dc.subjectNorthwest Passageen
dc.subjectEllisen
dc.subjectSwaineen
dc.subjectDrageen
dc.subjectRobsonen
dc.subjectMiddletonen
dc.subjectOldmixonen
dc.subjectColden
dc.subjectHudson Straiten
dc.subjectHudson's Bay Companyen
dc.subjectRepresentationen
dc.subjectSub-arcticen
dc.subjectEnglishen
dc.subjectBritainen
dc.subjectEnglanden
dc.subjectEmpireen
dc.subjectClimateen
dc.subjectImprovementen
dc.subjectColonizationen
dc.subjectDiscourseen
dc.subjectIdentityen
dc.subject1740en
dc.subject1750en
dc.subject.lcshUVic Subject Index::Humanities and Social Sciences::History::Canada--Historyen
dc.title“How frigid zones reward the advent’rers toils”: natural history writing and the British imagination in the making of Hudson Bay, 1741-1752en
dc.typeThesisen

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