Effects of load and training pattern on acute neuromuscular responses




Goodale, Tyler Logan

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two different repetition maximum (RM) loads and training patterns on acute neuromuscular responses. Twenty one resistance-trained males performed 4 protocols of dynamic constant external resistance exercise, involving elbow flexors, that manipulated either load (5RM, 10RM) or training pattern (TP). For TP the subjects completed 4 sets of exercise with 3 min rest between exercise performing each set to fatigue which produced a decrease in the number of repetitions with each subsequent set (DTP); the second testing pattern involved performing the same number of sets and repetitions to the DTP but in a reverse order so that the repetitions ascend with each subsequent set (ATP). Volume load (VL) was equated for both patterns but the set in which the greatest VL was achieved occurred at different times in the workout, either in the 1st (DTP) or 4th (ATP) set of the exercise. Both TPs were conducted with a 5RM and 10RM load. Fatigue was assessed by changes in maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC), motor unit activation (MUA), muscle twitch characteristics (peak twitch [PT], time to peak twitch [TPT], and 1/2 relaxation time [1/2 RT]). All protocols produced significant changes pre to post fatigue (p A).05) for MVIC, MUA, PT, 1/2RT, and TPT. 5RM/ATP, 10RM/DTP, and 1 ORM/ATP protocols produced significant changes in MUA. PT was found to be significantly different across loads. The results indicate that central fatigue is independent of load and pattern whereas peripheral fatigue appears to be dependent on load.



isometric exercise, muscle strength