Thawing the tension: U.S.-Greenland relations and climate change (non)securitization

dc.contributor.authorCrowther, Joe Edward
dc.contributor.supervisorGreaves, Will
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-27T22:48:42Z
dc.date.available2022-01-27T22:48:42Z
dc.date.copyright2021en_US
dc.date.issued2022-01-27
dc.degree.departmentDepartment of Political Scienceen_US
dc.degree.levelMaster of Arts M.A.en_US
dc.description.abstractU.S. Arctic foreign policy and the U.S. influence on Greenland has been studied predominantly regarding U.S. military and defence concerns. However, during the Trump Administration, the U.S. Arctic foreign policy agenda significantly shifted, placing Greenland as an integral component of the 2017-2021 Republican administration’s Arctic geopolitical aspirations, and not only for defence purposes. I argue that U.S-Greenland relations were significantly impacted when President Trump offered to purchase Greenland from the Kingdom of Denmark in the summer of 2019. Following the offer, Greenland emerged as a focal point of the Trump Administration’s geopolitical and economic security interests in the Arctic. Consequently, Greenland finds itself at the centre of a complex Arctic arena, with vastly larger and more powerful states taking an interest in Greenland’s economic potential due to its natural resources. Nevertheless, Trump’s offer was highly problematic as Greenland is an Inuit nation with the political goal to become independent from their colonial ties with Denmark. Despite the offer causing initial outrage, U.S.-Greenland collaborative relations have only developed since. I analyze why this has occurred, conveying that the similar approaches of Trump and Greenland towards climate change created the possibility for the strengthening of U.S.-Greenland bilateral relations. Climate change threatens the Arctic, yet the melting ice also provides more accessibility to rich natural resources. Climate change therefore presents not only threats, but opportunities. Greenland has a right and desire to pursue economic development for a financially viable independence through utilizing carboniferous, extractive industries. The U.S. has also sought to utilize the economic opportunity that Arctic climate change presents but with different motives. The U.S. and Greenland have subsequently become interlinked in a complex Arctic constellation of foreign policy and economic opportunity. Regardless of changing approaches to climate change, the Trump Administration has significantly impacted the future of U.S.-Greenland relations and Greenland’s political future.en_US
dc.description.scholarlevelGraduateen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1828/13728
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rightsAvailable to the World Wide Weben_US
dc.subjectClimate Changeen_US
dc.subjectGreenlanden_US
dc.subjectArcticen_US
dc.subjectUnited Statesen_US
dc.subjectInternational Relationsen_US
dc.subjectEconomicen_US
dc.subjectGeopoliticsen_US
dc.subjectTrumpen_US
dc.subjectInuiten_US
dc.subjectNaalakkersuisuten_US
dc.subjectKalaallit Nunaaten_US
dc.subjectIceen_US
dc.subjectOil and Gasen_US
dc.subjectMineralsen_US
dc.subjectForeign Policyen_US
dc.subjectSecurityen_US
dc.subjectSecuritizationen_US
dc.subjectSecuritization Theoryen_US
dc.subjectStatesen_US
dc.subjectInternational Lawen_US
dc.subjectPoliticsen_US
dc.subjectNatural Resourcesen_US
dc.subjectIndependenceen_US
dc.subjectIndigenous Politicsen_US
dc.subjectColonialen_US
dc.subjectEconomic Developmenten_US
dc.subjectObamaen_US
dc.subjectBidenen_US
dc.subjectDenmarken_US
dc.subjectPolaren_US
dc.subjectRepublican Administrationen_US
dc.subjectInuit Ataqatigiiten_US
dc.titleThawing the tension: U.S.-Greenland relations and climate change (non)securitizationen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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