A phenol-enriched cuticle is ancestral to lignin evolution in land plants
Horst, Nelly A.
Basilio Lopes, Alexandra
Fich, Eric A.
Lignin, one of the most abundant biopolymers on Earth, derives from the plant phenolic metabolism. It appeared upon terrestrialization and is thought critical for plant colonization of land. Early diverging land plants do not form lignin, but already have elements of its biosynthetic machinery. Here we delete in a moss the P450 oxygenase that defines the entry point in angiosperm lignin metabolism, and find that its pre-lignin pathway is essential for development. This pathway does not involve biochemical regulation via shikimate coupling, but instead is coupled with ascorbate catabolism, and controls the synthesis of the moss cuticle, which prevents desiccation and organ fusion. These cuticles share common features with lignin, cutin and suberin, and may represent the extant representative of a common ancestor. Our results demonstrate a critical role for the ancestral phenolic metabolism in moss erect growth and cuticle permeability, consistent with importance in plant adaptation to terrestrial conditions.
Renault, H.; Alber, A.; Horst, N.A.; Basilio Lopes, A.; Fich, E.A.; Kriegshauser, L.; … & Werck-Reichhart, D. (2017). A phenol-enriched cuticle is ancestral to lignin evolution in land plants. Nature Communications, 8(14713). https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14713