Husserl and intersubjectivity: the bridge between the Cartesian and Ontological Way

Date

2016-05-10

Authors

Cerisano, Domenico

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Abstract

This thesis contends that the discovery of transcendental intersubjectivity revealed the inadequacy of Husserl‟s Cartesian way to the reduction and precipitated the development of the ontological way. Through an analysis drawing primarily from Ideas I, Cartesian Meditations, and Crisis, this thesis will analyze the Cartesian way, intersubjectivity, and finally the ontological way. It will be argued that the Cartesian way focuses on the transcendental ego and ignores the natural world. With the discovery of transcendental intersubjectivity 1) a being beyond the transcendental ego has a role in constituting the world and 2) the objectivity of the world can no longer be reduced to the (individual) transcendental ego. The transition to the historical approach of Crisis is analyzed and we find that the Cartesian way cannot address the life-world and transcendental intersubjectivity in their new, central role. It is demonstrated how the ontological way fills this gap.

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Keywords

Husserl, Edmund, Intersubjectivity, Ontology, Transcendental logic

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