Reaction monitoring using real-time methods




Wu, Yang

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Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) is a powerful method to monitor organometallic reactions. It is fast at generating spectrum, soft to fragile organometallic compounds and sensitive to intermediates in low concentration. When coupled with the pressurized sample infusion (PSI) that helps to continuously inject reacting solution to the MS, both an inert-gas atmosphere and real-time reaction monitoring can be achieved. Also collision induced dissociation (CID) of MS can be used to probe the relative binding affinities of phosphine ligands in ruthenium complexes. PSI ESI-MS can be coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) to monitor the rhodium-catalyzed hydroacylation simultaneously. This technique expands the dynamic range to 5 magnitudes. The effect of mass-transfer in heterogeneous hydrogenation of charge-tagged alkyne was also studied by PSI ESI-MS. In this study cross area, stirring effect, catalyst loading and hydrogen concentration were considered and tested. Also in the study an interesting finding reveals in heterogeneity of the solution. Relative binding affinities of different phosphine ligands were attained from comparing the relative intensities of fragmentation products from MS/MS. And the phosphine ligand substitution reaction was monitored by the ESI-MS in a real-time manner. A competitive dissociative substitution mechanism was proposed and confirmed by the simulation and modeling of COPASI.



Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Organometallic chemistry, Chemical reactions