Direct effects of solar ultraviolet radiation on fighting and foraging in juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)




Chan, Anthony Sai-Cheung

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



In young coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch), UVR is known to elicit exposure avoidance behavior and suppress aggressiveness. The latter observation has been attributed to the indirect effect of fish seeking shade from solar UVR under rocks consequently losing sight of prospective rivals. The present study quantified the direct impacts of UVR on agonistic (Strikes, Chases, Approaches) and feeding behaviors in juvenile coho salmon by furnishing outdoor aquaria with structural elements (i.e., inverted funnels) that provided habitat complexity without generating shade during midday experimental trials. Frequencies and durations of behaviors were compared between conditions that excluded or included natural solar UVR. Results indicated that hostile pursuits (Chases) persisted significantly longer under UVR illumination. Likewise, the frequencies of more belligerent interactions (Strikes, Chases) tended to increase under UVR, while milder territorial assertions (Approaches) and foraging (Feeding Efforts) tended to decline. However, none of the latter four outcomes tested as significant.



Coho salmon, Ultraviolet radiation