The role of learner autonomy for learning English out-of-class in Chinese universities




Hu, Yiwen

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



Out-of-class learning constitutes a significant part of language learning since it provides a realistic setting which is quite different from in-class and instruction-based teaching and learning. Most language educators believe that learners should be responsible for their own learning and use opportunities to practise language actively outside the classroom. This paper aims to define learner autonomy and identify the benefits and difficulties of learner autonomy in learning a second language as well as investigate the tendencies of different types of autonomous out-of-class English learning activities Chinese students choose and the reasons for these choices. A review of literature revealed that among autonomous learning activities outside the classroom, students tend to choose receptive activities more than productive learning activities. The reason relates to the difficulties students face in developing their autonomy; teachers thus play a significant role in providing students with an autonomous learning environment and proper instruction.



English learning, learner autonomy, out-of-class learning activities, second language experience