Electrospun materials for wound management




Hadisi, Zhina

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Burn injuries represent a major life-threatening event that impacts the quality of life of patients and place enormous demands on the global health care systems. This study introduces the fabrication and characterization of a novel wound dressing made of core-shell hyaluronic acid -silk fibroin/zinc oxide nanofibers for treatment of burn injuries. The core-shell configuration enables loading zinc oxide (ZO)—an antibacterial agent—in the core of nanofibers, which in return improves the sustained release of the drug and maintains its bioactivity. Successful formation of core-shell nanofibers and loading of zinc oxide are confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), respectively. We examined the antibacterial activity of the dressings with ZO concentrations in the range of 0-5 wt% against Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and showed that addition of ZO improved the antibacterial property of the dressing in a dose-dependent fashion. However, in vitro cytotoxicity studies showed that high concentration of ZO (>3 wt.%) is toxic to the cells. In vivo studies indicate that the wound dressings loaded with ZO (3 wt.%) substantially improved the wound healing procedure and significantly reduced the inflammatory response at the wound site. Overall, the dressing introduced herein holds great promise for the management of burn injuries.



Silk fibroin, core-shell nanofiber, electrospinning, wound healing, burn injury