Development of a fan-beam optical computed tomography scanner for three-dimensional dosimetry

dc.contributor.authorCampbell, Warren G.
dc.contributor.supervisorJirasek, Andrew
dc.contributor.supervisorWells, Derek Martin of Physics and Astronomyen of Science M.Sc.en
dc.description.abstractThe current state of a prototype fan-beam optical computed tomography scanner for three-dimensional radiation dosimetry has been presented. The system uses a helium-neon laser and a line-generating lens for fan-beam creation. Five photodiode arrays form an approximate arc detector array of 320-elements. Two options of physical collimators provide two levels of scatter-rejection: single-slot (SS) and multi-hole (MH). A pair of linear polarizers has been introduced as a means of light intensity modulation. This work examined: (i) the characterization of system components, (ii) data acquisition & imaging protocols, and (iii) the scanning of an nPAG dosimeter. (i): The polarizer-pair method of light intensity modulation has been calibrated and the polarization sensitivity of the detector array was evaluated. The relationship between detected values and both light intensity and photodiode integration time was examined. This examination indicated the need for an offset correction to treat all data acquired by the system. Data corruption near the edges of each photodiode array was found to cause ring artefacts in image reconstructions. Two methods of extending the dynamic range of the system---via integration time and light intensity---were presented. The use of master absorbent solutions and spectrophotometric data allowed for the preparation of absorption-based and scatter-based samples of known opacities. This ability allowed for the evaluation of the relative scatter-rejection capabilities of the system's two collimators. The MH collimator accurately measured highly-attenuating solutions of both absorption-based and scatter-based agents. The SS collimator experienced some contamination by scattered light with absorption-based agents, and significant contamination with scatter-based agents. Also, using the SS collimator, a `spiking' artefact was observed in highly-attenuating samples of both solution types. (ii): A change in imaging protocol has been described that greatly reduces ring artefacts that plagued the system previously. Scanning parameters related to the reference scan (Io) and data acquisition were evaluated with respect to image noise. Variations in flask imperfections were found to be a significant source of noise. (iii): An nPAG dosimeter was prepared, planned for, irradiated, and imaged using the fan-beam system. In addition to ring artefacts caused by data-corruption, refractive inhomogeneities and particulates in the gelatin were found to cause errors in image reconstructions. Otherwise, contour and percent depth dose comparisons between measured and expected values showed good agreement. Findings have indicated that significant imaging gains may be achieved by performing pre-irradiation and post-irradiation scans of dosimeters.en
dc.rightsAvailable to the World Wide Weben
dc.subjectoptical CTen
dc.subjectradiation dosimetryen
dc.subjectmedical physicsen
dc.subject3D dosimetryen
dc.subjectgel dosimetryen
dc.subjectapplied opticsen
dc.subject.lcshUVic Subject Index::Sciences and Engineering::Physics::Radiationen
dc.subject.lcshUVic Subject Index::Sciences and Engineering::Physicsen
dc.subject.lcshUVic Subject Index::Sciences and Engineering::Physics::Opticsen
dc.titleDevelopment of a fan-beam optical computed tomography scanner for three-dimensional dosimetryen


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