Federal policy evolution, newcomer integration and data reporting: the strengths and weaknesses of Canadian immigration policy

dc.contributor.authorRay, Devraj
dc.contributor.supervisorBrunet-Jailly, Emmanuel
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-25T23:28:35Z
dc.date.available2022-01-25T23:28:35Z
dc.date.copyright2022en_US
dc.date.issued2022-01-25
dc.degree.departmentSchool of Public Administrationen_US
dc.degree.levelMaster of Arts M.A.en_US
dc.description.abstractAmong the different immigration streams in Canada- family reunification, economic immigrants and refugee protection- newcomers have cited diverse experiences. This is problematic since Canada has a goal of increasing its population to a hundred million within the next seventy-eight years (Century Initiative, 2020). Sixty-two million new Canadians facing inconsistent settlement experiences would be considered a failure of this policy (Century Initiative, 2020). The literature of integration in Canada diverges into two streams: economic model of conformity and socio-cultural. According to the literature, Canada’s immigration policies use more of an economic conformity model than a socio-cultural conformity model of integration, with the former more widely cited. The strength of Canada’s economic conformity model was challenged when comparing immigration policies and immigrant outcomes with Australia and New Zealand. Using a case-oriented comparative analysis, performance indicators demonstrated that Canada had the strongest socio-cultural integration policies between the three cases. These findings were triangulated by a document analysis of Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada’s departmental plans and performance reports from 1998 till 2020. Analyzing the evolution of immigration policies across the different streams found that the federal government decentralized policies and programs to the provincial level. This allowed newcomers to better adapt to the needs and environment of their specific provinces, confirming Canada’s socio-cultural approach to integration. Canada’s strength in its immigration policy resulted in the federal government’s ability to decentralize programs and policies to the provincial level such as welcoming and integrating new immigrants. The document analysis also found inconsistencies with performance indicators measuring integration across the three streams: economic immigrants were only assessed on economic integration factors whereas family reunified immigrants and refugees were only assessed on socio-cultural integration indicators.en_US
dc.description.scholarlevelGraduateen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1828/13723
dc.languageEnglisheng
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.rightsAvailable to the World Wide Weben_US
dc.subjectimmigrationen_US
dc.subjectintegrationen_US
dc.subjectfederal policyen_US
dc.subjectCitizenship and Immigration Canadaen_US
dc.subjectImmigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canadaen_US
dc.subjectpolicy evolutionen_US
dc.subjectdata inconsistencyen_US
dc.titleFederal policy evolution, newcomer integration and data reporting: the strengths and weaknesses of Canadian immigration policyen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US

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