A quasi-experimental trial addressing family eating practices using an interactive family-based healthy weights intervention: short-term (10-week) outcomes

dc.contributor.authorPerdew, Megan
dc.contributor.supervisorNaylor, Patti-Jean
dc.contributor.supervisorLiu, Sam
dc.degree.departmentSchool of Exercise Science, Physical and Health Educationen_US
dc.degree.levelMaster of Science M.Sc.en_US
dc.description.abstractBackground: Evidence-based blended family interventions, those that incorporate both in-person group sessions and on-line sessions, remain understudied; specifically, there is insufficient research that investigates psychosocial and behavioural nutrition outcomes. Thus, researchers and stakeholders across BC worked together to develop the Family Healthy Living Program (FHLP), an evidence-informed blended family-based intervention that addressed parent feeding practices through parent and child behavioural and psycho-social factors (e.g. attitudes, self-efficacy) associated with HE using the Multi-Process Action Control (M-PAC) framework and behaviour change techniques. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of the FHLP in improving secondary nutrition outcomes, which include self-reported behavioural and psycho-social measures for parent feeding practices and child dietary behaviours. Methods: Municipalities across BC participated in this 10-week quasi-experimental wait-list control trial. Participants were parents (n=59) and their children (n=64) aged 8-12 years who had a BMI ≥ 85th percentile for age and sex. Families were allocated to the intervention or a wait-list control group. The FHLP provided a blended intervention consisting of 10 weekly sessions, 4 community activities (14 in-person opportunities) and an online platform with interactive activities. Furthermore, behaviour change techniques introduced during program sessions matched the proposed target constructs of M-PAC. Secondary parent and child nutrition outcomes were evaluated using validated self-report questionnaires to measure: parent feeding practices, the home food environment, parental attitudes and perceived control for supporting child’s HE, parent/family healthy eating (HE) habits and identity, regulation of child’s HE behaviours, and parents’ cooking self-efficacy, as well as children’s dietary behaviours, attitudes, outcome expectations and self-efficacy related to HE. Researchers followed an intention-to-treat protocol for participants who did not complete follow-up measures. Repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) (2x2) was used to compare pre and post measures between intervention and waitlist control participants. Results: Fifty families completed the study. Relative to wait-list controls, regulation of child’s HE approached significance (mean= 13.88, SD= 3.66, d= 0.549, p= 0.051) and medium effects sizes were detected for parental attitudes for supporting child’s HE (mean= 5.97, SD= 0.957, d= 0.514, p= 0.064) and total parent support of child’s HE (mean= 10.55, SD= 1.26, d= 0.510, p= 0.066) among parents in the intervention group at follow up. No significant between group changes in child nutrition outcomes were identified; however, over 50% of children in the intervention group either improved or maintained their fruit and vegetable intake over time. Conclusions: Blended family-based interventions developed and evaluated according to behavioural theory and corresponding behaviour change techniques can improve parents’ regulation of their child’s HE and psycho-social determinants of total parent support of child’s HE. Future research should investigate how theory-based, evidence-informed blended interventions can further influence family improvements in dietary behaviours and facilitate a home environment that supports children’s HE behaviours.en_US
dc.rightsAvailable to the World Wide Weben_US
dc.subjectChildhood obesityen_US
dc.subjectfamily healthy eatingen_US
dc.subjectFamily-based interventionsen_US
dc.subjecteating behaviorsen_US
dc.subjectM-PAC Frameworken_US
dc.subject'real-world' trialen_US
dc.subjectBehavior change techniquesen_US
dc.titleA quasi-experimental trial addressing family eating practices using an interactive family-based healthy weights intervention: short-term (10-week) outcomesen_US


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