An integrated nanoaperture optical-fiber tweezer for developing single-photon sources




Ehtaiba, Jamal Mehemed

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In this thesis, an approach for developing single-photon sources at the 1550nm wavelength will be demonstrated, based on optical trapping of luminescent upconverting nanoparticles. A single-photon source is a source that emits a single photon at a time, and hence it is a source of quantum bits that constitutes the basic building units in quantum computers and quantum communications. The approach exploits the plasmonic properties of gold films and the waveguiding characteristics of single mode optical fibers (SMFs). We start by planar nanofabrication of subwavelength nanoapertures in a thin gold film based on finite difference time domain simulations for a peak transmission at the wavelength in question. Subsequently, using ultraviolet curable epoxy adhesion material, a nanoaperture patterned on a gold film can be transferred to an SMF tip forming a nanoantenna enhanced optical fiber tweezer (NAFT). As a final step in building the optical tweezer, a test of the capability of the integrated optical fiber tweezer to trap 20 nm, and 30nm polystyrene nanospheres, as well as luminescent upconverting nanoparticles (UCNPs), has been experimentally realized with encouraging results. In addition to the optical trapping of the luminescent nanoparticles, the nano aperture antenna can improve light coupling into the low loss optical fiber guiding channel. Also, it could have a positive influence on enhancing the photon emission rate through the Purcell effect. Furthermore, we have combined NAFT with a low insertion loss wave splitter, a wavelength-division multiplexer (WDM), to allow measuring the 1550nm photon-emission statistics on a cooled superconducting nanowire single-photon detector (SNSPD) at ~ 2.4o K. Eventually, nanoantenna enhanced optical fiber tweezers can play an essential role in optical trapping towards developing single-photon sources and the emerging technology of quantum information processing, computation, and cryptography.



UCNPs, Optical Trapping, Optical Tweezer, Optical Fiber, Single Photon, Second Coherence, Antibuched Light, Nanoantenna, WDM